The Civil services exam is conducted in three Stages:
Stage 1: Objective Type - Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination.
Stage 2: Descriptive Type - Civil Services (Mains) Examination
Stage 3: Personality Test - Personal Interview
Stage 1 Objective Type : Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination
The Preliminary Examination is composed of Two Phase
||General Studies (GS) -100 questions
||2 hours (9:30 AM to 11:30 AM)
||CSAT - 80 questions
||2 hours (2:30 PM to 4:30 PM)
- GS question will be awarded 2 marks. So, 0.66 marks would be deducted from the total for every question that is wrongly marked and in the CSAT paper, since we have 80 questions for 200 marks, correctly answered CSAT question would attract 2.5 marks each, while every wrongly marked question would attract a penalty of 0.833 for each such wrong answer, which will be deducted from the total and Questions that are not attempted will not attract any negative marks.
UPSC Prelims Syllabus
Syllabus for GS Paper (Prelims Paper I)
- Current events of national and international importance.
- History of India and Indian National Movement.
- Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
- Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
- Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
- General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialisation.
- General Science
Syllabus for CSAT Paper (Prelims Paper II)
- Interpersonal skills including communication skills
- Logical reasoning and analytical ability
- Decision-making and problem solving
- General mental ability
- Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)
Phase 2: UPSC Mains Exam (1750 Marks)
- The UPSC Mains exam consists of 9 papers, out of which two are qualifying papers of 300 marks each.
- The two qualifying papers are:
- Any Indian Language
- English Language Paper
The papers on Essay, General Studies and Optional Subject of only such candidates who attain 25% marks in both the language papers as a minimum qualifying standard in these qualifying papers, will be taken cognizance of, for evaluation.
In case a candidate does not qualify in these language papers, then the marks obtained by such candidates will not be considered or counted.
Structure of the language papers:
The types of questions asked are –
- Essay – 100 marks
- Reading comprehension – 60 marks
- Precis Writing – 60 marks
- English to compulsory language (e.g. Hindi) – 20 marks
- Compulsory language to English – 20 marks
- Grammar and basic language usage – 40 marks
The rest of the seven papers can be written in any of the languages mentioned under the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India or in English.
UPSC Mains Syllabus
|Paper – I
||Essay (can be written in the medium of the candidate’s choice)
|Paper – II
||General Studies – I (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)
|Paper – III
||General Studies – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations)
|Paper – IV
||General Studies – III (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Security & Disaster Management)
|Paper – V
||General Studies – IV (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude)
|Paper – VI
||Optional Subject – Paper I
|Paper – VII
||Optional Subject – Paper II